Although this practice of cupping is on the decline in most European countries the Asian and Middle Eastern cultures still practice it regularly . This type of traditional cupping is performed by introducing heat or by suctioning out air so that the skin and superficial muscle layer is drawn into the cup and held for a time.
Myofacial cupping is a modern way of cupping without the flame avoiding hazards and allowing greater control over the amount of suction.
Myofascial Cupping however involves the gliding of negatively pressurized cups over the body with some oil and can also be accompanied by joint mobilization. It is a very different technique to traditional cupping methods and importantly, marking of the skin is not part of the desired treatment outcome. It should also be performed at a pressure level that is almost painless to the client. Unlike other massage techniques that use compression, the myofascial cupping technique is unique in that it lifts and separates soft tissue know as negative or tensional pressure. This in turn can increase nutrient rich blood supply to the tissue whilst giving a gentle passive stretch to the underlying soft tissue.
Myofascial cupping can be used as a total treatment or included in the treatment by the manual therapist for trigger point (TP) release or used as moving cups as a myofascial technique.
Contra indications to cupping are abdominal or sacral regions of pregnant women , anterior neck ( can break capillaries ) or over skin ulcers.